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17th-Jun-2007 08:25 pm(no subject)
Help! This is one of my ideas for an area of cultural or applied anth to specialize in, and I want to start researching it thoroughly...

Does anybody know of any literature that focuses on systems of justice/methods of maintaining social harmony in stateless societies (preferably societies with little to no hierarchy in their social organization).

What I'm really looking for is alternatives to prisons, courts, police, military.

I'm an anth/journalism undergrad who's finished the anth coursework, and am trying to see what research is out there on this, don't know where or with whom to start (besides Harold Barclay). Obviously there will be certain sections of books by cultural anth's that deal with the topic for a given culture, but what'd be even better is studies, key researchers, publications or organizations geared towards the topic.

Any ideas???
By ERRIN HAINES, Associated Press Writer

A jury Wednesday found an Ethiopian immigrant guilty of the genital mutilation of his 2-year-old daughter in what was believed to be the first criminal case in the United States involving the ancient African tradition.

Khalid Adem, 30, was convicted of aggravated battery and cruelty to children. He could get up to 40 years in prison.

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An article from February. This reminded me so much of Flowers for Algernon.

'Retarded' killer faces return to death row after raising IQ
By Andrew Buncombe in Washington
07 February 2005

A prisoner, who won a landmark case in which the US Supreme Court ruled that mentally retarded prisoners could not be executed, could find himself back on death row because his IQ has improved as a result of working on his defence.

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(Update: He got the chair.)
14th-Nov-2005 11:45 am - Helping India's prison children
Children in India can live with their imprisoned mothers until they are five years old, and in many cases receive better education, diet and healthcare than they would get at home.

But questions are inevitably asked about whether it is appropriate for infants to spend their first years behind bars.

Hyderabad jail in the south of India is home to 160 women and 15 children. The women are either awaiting trial - which can take many years - or convicted of crimes including murder.

Abi Nash, 24, is awaiting trial for the alleged murder of her neighbour. Her three-year-old son stays with her.

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21st-Oct-2005 09:39 am - Persecution of Sexuality in America
October 20, 2005 - Attorney General Alberto Gonzales has announced that his office will specifically target "bestiality, urination, defecation, as well as sadistic and masochistic behavior" in pursuing new obscenity prosecutions. The Department of Justice began recruiting in late July for a new anti-obscenity squad to pursue obscenity prosecutions, and the FBI announced in September that it was forming an anti-obscenity task force to crack down on pornography.

Any website that has content containing "bestiality, urination, defecation, as well as sadistic and masochistic behavior" should be forewarned that prosecution is possible. Additionally, Federal sentencing guidelines state that any obscenity-related punishment should be "enhanced for sadomasochistic material."
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21st-Oct-2005 02:08 pm - Mumbai police say no to festival
Police in India's western city of Mumbai (Bombay) will not be celebrating a Hindu festival after the arrest of two policemen in rape cases.

A senior police official told the BBC the celebrations were called off as the incidents had caused concern in the police force.

Every year, the local police organise week-long cultural programmes for the policemen and their families.

Hundreds of rape cases are reported in India every year.

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19th-Oct-2005 12:49 pm(no subject)
There has been a recent rash of hate crimes in the town where I go to school. The attached articles are about two of the attacks. What's underneath it is just a commentary on things that it's made me consider.

Harassment and fear for one student in Elrod Hall
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Random assault Saturday night sends one man to emergency room
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Police seeking information about attack
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This bothers me for several reasons.
1) The obvious violence and the fact that one of the guys who was beaten is a friend of some friends.
2) WTF! This is supposed to be a peaceful little college town. Sure, people get rowdy and stupid too, but random HATE CRIMES? (Sadly, it's not unprecidented in the Bitterroot, or in Missoula.)
3) (and this one is really scarey) They've yelled at ME. I don't think it was those kids specifically. But more than once, I've been just walking down the street and someone will yell something hateful at me from a passing car. Sometimes it's just "Go back to where you came from!" Other times it's more obscene. I never respond. I never even look up. But it's been happening more and more frequently lately.
I have short hair and I'm not particularly girly... but that's never been a problem for me before.
4) We were talking about it at the shop yesterday and were pretty much in agreement; we don't think this is entirely about homophobia. I think the terms fag and queer have a prejorative meaning that isn't necessarily linked to one's sexuality. This is about angry young boys.
I've had occasion to talk to some Montanans about the changes they see happening in their state.
There are ALOT of people moving here from other places because the cost of living is low, the water and air are relatively clean, and they can finally have the care-free lifestyle they want.Read more...Collapse )

x posted to schmarty_hosen
OCT. 7 8:12 A.M. ET A Singapore court Friday sentenced two ethnic Chinese to prison for posting racist remarks about ethnic Malays on the Internet, in what is considered a landmark case underscoring the government's attempts to crack down on racial intolerance and regulate online expression.

Animal shelter worker Benjamin Koh Song Huat, 27, was jailed for one month while Nicholas Lim Yew, an unemployed 25-year-old, was sentenced to a nominal prison term of one day and fined the maximum 5,000 Singapore dollars ($2,969) for racist comments against the minority Malay community.

"Racial and religious hostility feeds on itself," said Senior District Judge Richard Magnus in passing sentence.

"Young Singaporeans ... must realize that callous and reckless remarks on racial or religious subjects have the potential to cause social disorder, in whatever medium or forum they are expressed," he said.

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6th-Oct-2005 12:54 pm - First gay 'marriage' in Pakistan
A gay couple have become the first to get "married" in Pakistan, according to reports from the region.

Witnesses said a 42-year-old Afghan refugee held a marriage ceremony with a local tribesman of 16 in the remote Khyber region bordering Afghanistan.

Gay marriage is not legal in conservative Muslim Pakistan.

On hearing of the wedding, a tribal council told the pair to leave the area or be killed for breaking religious and tribal "values and ethics".

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[x-posted at puny_mortals]
LONDON (Reuters) - Britons are the most prolific shoplifters in Europe, a survey published Wednesday showed.

They stole 3.58 billion pounds of goods from their nation's shops last year, the equivalent of 1.59 percent of British retail turnover.

Razor blades were the most stolen item followed by alcohol and toiletries, according to the British-based Center for Retail Research.

Finland had the second worst shoplifting problem followed by Portugal and Greece while the Swiss were the most disciplined shoppers, the survey showed. Theft accounted for 0.89 percent of Swiss retail turnover.

In all, Europeans stole 30.8 billion euros worth of goods from their stores last year -- 71.5 euros per person.

Customers were blamed for 48 percent of the thefts, staff for 29 percent and suppliers for 7 percent.

The survey covered 423 retailers in 24 countries, accounting for 20 percent of European retail turnover.
28th-Sep-2005 01:06 pm - Executions in China
Concerns Grow Over Executions in China By Mark Magnier Times Staff Writer
Wed Sep 28, 7:55 AM ET

HULOU, China — Zhang Huanzhi, 61, hugs a small mound of dirt that holds her son's ashes. Tears and mucous stream from her face as she cries out in pain: Why us, why our boy, why such injustice?

A few months ago, a state-run newspaper reported that someone else had confessed to the rape and murder for which her son had been executed. For years, few had listened as she insisted that Nie Shubin, 20, had been tortured into a false confession, then convicted after a two-hour trial. The only evidence of any note, she says, was the account of a witness who saw someone near the crime scene riding a blue bicycle. Nie owned a blue bicycle.

Entire article
24th-Sep-2005 02:57 pm(no subject)
Police in India have launched a manhunt for 29 men who allegedly forced a group of women to parade naked after a row over caste tradition.

Six women in a village in the eastern state of Orissa were dragged by their hair, beaten and paraded naked by a group of upper caste men.

They were attacked because the men in their families had refused to wash the feet of upper caste wedding guests.

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More on Rape in India:

Victim ordered to wed rapist

BOMBAY -- Hard-line Islamic clerics in a northern Indian village have declared that a woman's 10-year-old marriage was nullified when her father-in-law raped her -- and ordered the mother of five to marry the rapist.
The fatwa, or religious edict, was issued by Darool Uloom Deoband, South Asia's most powerful Islamic theological school known for promoting a radical brand of Islam that is said to have inspired the Taliban in Afghanistan.

The decision has outraged both Muslim and Hindu leaders and prompted a fierce debate that has dominated the front pages of national newspapers across India.
The fatwa ordered Imrana Ilahi, 28, to separate from her husband and treat him as her son because she had sex with his father.

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Jerusalem, Justice and Rituals to be explored

Sunday, September 18th

Brooklyn, New York

On Sunday, Sept 18th, 1:30pm the Fourth Annual Dialogue Project Interfaith Study Session will take place at Grace Episcopal Church, 254 Hicks St. in Brooklyn Heights.

This event creates an open, neutral environment where controversial issues are explored with teachers from varying denominations and perspectives from Judaism, Islam and Christianity. Participants sit in small circles and engage the teacher in conversation and utilizing reflections and deep listening skills they have developed through dialogues on Palestine and Israel.

Teachers this year include Rabbi Micah Kelber, a newcomer to the Bay Ridge Jewish Center, Pastor Khader El-Yateem from Salem Arabic Lutheran Church, Rabbi Ellen Lippman of the Congregation Kolot Chayeinu, Rabbi Simcha Weintraub of the Jewish Healing Center, Rev. Daniel Meeter from First Reformed Church, Rev. David Rommereim from Good Shepard Lutheran Church and Pastor Stephen Muncie of Grace Church. Imam Omar Abu Namous from the Islamic Cultural Center will lead a session along with Dr. Ahmed Jaber of the Arab American Association and Hamid Abdeljaber, doctoral student of International Relations at the Graduate Center of City University of New York.

The Grace Church, Episcopal, 254 Hicks Street (between Joralemon and Grace Court), can be reached by the 2,3,4,5, or R to Borough Hall. For more information on The Dialogue Project please visit www.thedialogueproject.org.

This is a citywide event that has attracted many community partners including:

The Arab American Association of New York, Bay Ridge Jewish Center, Congregation Kolot Chayeinu, Brooklyn Heights Synagogue, Brooklyn Society for Ethical Culture, Dawood Mosque, St. Andrews Church, R.C., Good Shepherd Lutheran Church, Old First Reformed Church, Muslim American Society-NY Chapter, The Yemeni American Association, St. Nicholas Orthodox Cathedral, Salam Arabic Lutheran Church
25th-Aug-2005 04:32 pm - Shoplifting as Social Commentary
European police are attempting to halt the spread of a guerrilla shoplifting network, seizing computer equipment connected to the cause.

Yomango calls on anti-consumerism activists to "liberate" goods from stores in an effort to spread the ideals of brand-free living.

The movement started in 2002 in Spain, where thrifty followers staged choreographed shopping-mall stunts like looting clothes from one store and returning them to another or wearing them back for flash fashion shows.

Actions carried out in the name of Yomango -- Spanish slang for "I steal" -- are coordinated and celebrated online. Thanks to a website that publishes accounts and videos of looting pranks, "franchises" of the movement have recently sprung up in countries including Argentina, Chile, Mexico and Germany, prompting a new wave of show-thefts.

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